Oral Hygiene Education

Are battery-powered (electric) toothbrushes useful?

In studies conducted in recent years, battery-powered toothbrushes have been shown to be more effective than manual toothbrushes in cleaning bacterial plaque and in reducing gingival problems both in the short and the long run. Therefore, battery-powered toothbrushes can be recommended especially for those who have gingival recession, inadequate hand manipulation, and damaged tooth enamel. If too much pressure is exerted while brushing the teeth, the toothbrush will not operate thanks to the pressure sensor. Therefore, further progression of existing enamel damage or gingival recession is prevented.

Battery-powered toothbrushes have brush heads in different types. Such as brush heads that massage the gums, brush heads that only removes plaque, conical brush heads, interspace cleaners and custom brush heads for children... Battery-powered toothbrushes may be recommended for children below 5 years of age, considering the possibility of incompletely developed hand skills. By using special brush heads produced for children and with the timer apparatus, both toothbrushing process becomes more fun and an effective toothbrushing is carried out.

When different toothbrushes are used, it is also necessary to change the toothbrushing technique accordingly. Therefore, you should visit your dentist to learn which toothbrush you will use with which technique.

How should I choose my toothbrush?

While choosing among toothbrushes, consulting your dentist will help you choose the best toothbrush. Some people brush their teeth by exerting too much pressure without being aware of it. In such cases, gingival recession occur and it would be wrong for individuals with gingival recession to use a hard-bristled toothbrush. Because hard-bristled toothbrushes traumatize the gums more and causes the teeth to wear out, it would be better for them to use a soft bristle toothbrush.

And some people have a small mouth structure and it would be difficult to reach the back areas of the mouth if they use large-head toothbrushes. In such a case, oral hygiene cannot be fully obtained. Individuals with a small mouth structure need to choose especially a medium- or small-head toothbrush. Battery-powered toothbrushes can also be preferred. As the head parts of battery-powered toothbrushes are smaller than the manual ones, it would be easier to reach the teeth in the back region. It is also easier to clean the back parts of the teeth facing the tongue surface.

As long as there is no special requirement, the bristles of toothbrush should be flat (old type) and in medium hardness, and the head should be in medium size.  By the way, you should change your toothbrush at least once every 6 months. The bristles of a toothbrush used longer than it is required lean sideways, both they sting the gums and their mechanical cleaning is reduced by 30% compared to a new toothbrush. In addition to that, after certain diseases, it is useful to change your toothbrush during these periods, as there are microorganisms that may lead to reinfection on your toothbrush.

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