Dental Treatments And Radiography In Pregnants

Dental Treatments And Radiography In Pregnants

Treatment of dental problems that arise during pregnancy is possible.

It is known that the risk of miscarriage or premature birth is 7 times higher in cases of dental and gingival inflammation. The question of "Is generally tooth extracted in cases where dental treatment is necessary during pregnancy?" springs to mind. Yes, tooth is extracted under an appropriate anesthesia. Although not very desirable, antibiotics are used when necessary. Those except for the tetracycline group known to affect the development of baby's teeth are preferred as antibiotics. In terms of safety, the required treatments are administered with the consultation of a gynecologist.

The general protocol in pregnancy is to avoid interventional dental treatments during the first three months (1st trimester), since this period is the stage of baby's organ development. Treatments should be postponed to the second three months (2nd trimester). In the last three months of pregnancy (3rd trimester), the mother candidate may not be able to sit comfortably on the dental chair because the baby is quite big. Therefore, dental treatments can be postponed, if not urgent. Or if the mother has a fear, anxiety regarding dental treatments, this may result in premature birth. However, in the case of an urgent situation such as deep dental caries, inflammatory dental or gingival inflammation, it should be given particular importance to that the existing infection may affect the development of the baby, and dental treatment should be administered in the direction of a gynecologist's recommendations.

If necessary, treatment should be supported by taking dental radiography. When radiography is taken for dental treatment, it is very unlikely that the baby in the mother's womb will get harmed due to x-ray. The American Academy of Family Physicians classifies dental radiographies taken during pregnancy as "safe". According to the researches conducted, the radiation dose reaching the baby in the mother's womb as a result of 21 radiographies taken in the mouth was less than the dose taken by the mother candidate through the sun rays etc. from the nature in 3 days. Such a low dose is very less likely to cause permanent damage to the baby in the mother's womb and to cause cancer in the future.

If the mother candidate needs dental treatment and radiography as a result of an oral examination, it is highly likely that there is an inflammatory condition in the teeth or gums. Considering the possibility that this inflammatory condition may cause more harm to the baby in the mother's womb, radiography should be taken, if necessary for treatment.  However, in terms of taking all kinds of precautions, a lead apron should be worn so as to cover the abdominal region.

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