How is dental caries (tooth decay) detected?
Dental caries can easily be detected by a clinical examination. Decays may be in the visible areas or on the inner surfaces of the teeth in the mouth and may progress up to the pulp (dental nerve tissue). We can use x-rays to visualize the deepness of decay that is clearly seen in the mouth. At the same time, if there is a decay possibly on the inner surface of the teeth, we can again take the advantage of x-ray or we can use caries detection light specially produced for this procedure. Again, with a strong light source or caries-staining sets, dental caries can be detected very easily.
Your doctor will absolutely notice the presence of a decayed tooth during the oral examination, but supporting this with an x-ray and showing it to the patient will increase the sincerity.
How are dental caries treated?
Dental caries that have not reached the tooth's pulp (nerve tissue) can be treated very easily with conservative methods. Nowadays, the composite materials used for filling make it possible to treat decayed teeth without causing any problem both aesthetically and functionally.
Depending on the depth of dental caries, the type of treatment and the materials to be used will also change. A decay that is too deep but has not yet reached the pulp can be treated using special filling materials that allow the tooth to be repaired, while root canal therapy should be administered in cases of decays that have reached to the pulp.
What is root canal therapy?
In cases where very deep tooth decays have reached the pulp and the nerve tissue is inflamed, or when the tooth has lost its vitality as a result of trauma, root canal therapy should be administered. The nerve tissue may also be exposed during the preparation and reduction of teeth for prosthetic restorations, and root canal therapy may be required.